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How Legislation Works
#1
Legislation is the primary vehicle of debate both in reality and in game. It is how the government implements the majority of major policies. Here's a few things you should know. 

Writing a Bill

When writing a Bill you have a choice between writing a Bill in long form - like an actual piece of legislation - or in summary form, which should look something like the explanatory notes that go alongside a Bill in real life, setting out the changes it is intended to make.

You can find a handy template for a long-form Bill at http://politicsuk.net/hastings/showthrea...0#pid32890

If you are writing a summary Bill, then please use the following template:

Welfare Reform and Work Bill 2016
A Bill to make provision about reports on progress towards full employment and the apprenticeships target; to make provision about reports on the effect of certain support for troubled families; to make provision about life chances; to make provision about the benefit cap; to make provision about social security and tax credits; to make provision for loans for mortgage interest and other liabilities; and to make provision about social housing rents.

Purpose of Bill
What is the policy rationale? Things such as "to nationalise the rail network" - policy objectives, not policy changes.

Legal changes
In plain english, what changes are you making to the law? Keep it brief, but have enough detail to make it debatable and interesting. This is not objectives - this is the actual changes you are making to implement your objectives. So if your objective is as above - then great - but what will that mean in practice?

Territorial extent
Is it just England, or the whole of the UK?

The AVs will be introducing an example Bill in summary form at the beginning of the round as an example.

In either case, players are not expected to provide excessive detail. Which leads us to...

A question of detail

Parliamentary debates should always focus on substance rather than legal detail. However, that does not mean that players should not think through the policies they are presenting or answer questions on them. 

Imagine, for example, a Bill to nationalise a company. It is a perfectly reasonable question to ask how the company will be governed after it is nationalised if it is not set out in the legislation. It is less reasonable to ask for the exact corporate structure to be set out in detail. In any reasonable question on how something will work in practice, it is okay for the Bill's author to respond with how it will work and say that it will be set out in regulations rather than amending the legislation or being required to set out every specific detail at that point.

Amendments

You may suggest an amendment to a piece of legislation. It is for the Bill's author to accept or reject it. On a by-exception basis the A-Team may permit a vote on amendments that appear to have majority support expressed publicly - talk to the Parliament AV if you think this is the case.

Lords

Once a Bill passes the Commons it will go to the Lords. The Lords will not reject legislation outright, but may return amendments, at which point there will be another vote on the Bill as it stands.

Timings

Legislation will spend 4 days in second reading and 24 hours in division.
Steve
Acting Acting Head Av | Parliament | Prime Minister's Office | Cabinet Office | Treasury
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Private Members Bills

Any MP may publish a Bill in first reading, but unless the government allocates time it will not be debated and will fail after one week in first reading. Legislation authors still get an influence point.

However, there will be a ballot roughly after 3 months IG for a private members Bill. All non-government players will be eligible to take part, and the "winner" is entitled to move a Bill that he has authored to second reading.
Steve
Acting Acting Head Av | Parliament | Prime Minister's Office | Cabinet Office | Treasury
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