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Who's Who
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"Si vis pacem, para bellum" 
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DE VILLIERS, Richard Aloysius was born October 7, 1933, the only son and youngest child of Hampton de Villiers, third son to the Baronet De Villiers, a school teacher and his wife, Cynthia (Graham), also a school teacher. His father died in active service on June 4, 1941, and De Villiers was hence raised by his mother and two older sisters. He was originally educated at King’s Norton Grammar School for Boys but was sent, at age 13, to King Edward’s School for Boys after winning a scholarship where he received his preliminary education in Classics. De Villiers excelled in the study of Ancient Greek and Latin but struggled to make friends due to his precocious and serious nature and his almost entirely consuming approach to his studies. Likewise, Richard was poor at sports due to a frail gait. His commitment to his studies, however, earned him a further scholarship to read Classics at the University of Oxford after his two year’s compulsory military service.

De Villiers served his military service in Canada for the RAF. There, he met his wife, a French-Canadian by the name of Marie-Josée du Pont. The couple married in 1951. Richard achieved the rank of Flight Lieutenant before returning to academia and England as a scholarship-recipient at Oxford University’s All Soul’s College where he read to a double first in Classics, again excelling in translation and ancient languages. It was here that De Villiers began to gain an interest in politics, joining the Oxford Conservatives and the Oxford Union where his skills as an orator became more pronounced and sharply honed. In 1957, after receiving his degree from Oxford, De Villiers and his wife, once again, returned to Canada where Richard had been given a teaching job at the University of Ottawa. The couple would spend the next twelve years in Ontario, where Marie-Josée also taught as a school teacher. During this time, Richard was actively involved with the Social Credit Movement both federally and provincially, with Richard serving as Chairman of the Union of Electors from 1959-1963 and even being a candidate for provincial election in the Ottawa area for the Social Credit Party of Ontario.

In 1969, Richard’s excellent academic record earned him the opportunity to return to his former University where he would be a Fellow at All Soul’s and an Associate Professor of Classics. His writings and translations in this time were widely used by academics and he was cited more than 500 times in the short six-year term as professor at Oxford. De Villiers also contested in two elections during this time, first as the Conservative Candidate for Bolsover in February 1974, which he lost, and then as the Conservative Candidate for Birmingham Yardley in October of the same year; that election yielded a better result, but still a loss. The next year, De Villiers was approached by the Board of Directors of the newly-formed Hull College of Higher Education to serve as Dean of Arts at their school. He accepted the position and left Oxford for the last time, although he maintains the title of Fellow at All Soul’s College. While at Hull College, De Villiers would, again, contest two general elections: first as the Conservative Candidate for the Isle of Wight, which he narrowly lost out on after a very strong electoral performance, and then as the Conservative Candidate for Grantham, finally being elected to serve as a Member of Parliament in 1983.

Thanks to his already-extensive academic record and knowledge of education, the newly-elected MP was immediately placed in cabinet by then-Prime Minister Thatcher, as the Undersecretary-of-State for Education and Science. In this time, De Villiers was heavily involved in the creation of the GCSE programme and worked closely with the Secretary of State, Keith Joseph, on its establishment and implementation. De Villiers was also highly involved in the preparation of the white paper, The Development of Higher Education into the 1990s, but escaped much of the criticism over the paper’s controversial content because he was promoted to become Minister for the Arts months before its release in 1985.

As Minister for the Arts, De Villiers championed the increased emphasis on British national heritage in Museums and Libraries across the country, securing some additional funding for those institutions. His work was largely uncontroversial in this role and he was relatively successful. In 1987, he was promoted a third time to become Secretary of State for Education and Science and oversee, finally, the implementation of the National Curriculum which had been in the works since his time in the Education Office some years prior. The implementation was controversial, but De Villiers soldiered on, ensuring that it was implemented as statute before his resignation in 1991 over a perceived lack of support from Number 10 and his belief that John Major was “too weak a man” to lead the party to victory.

As of today, De Villiers remains a backbench MP. He is a member of the Countryside Alliance and is widely considered the archetype of a High Tory. He was baptized Anglican and was a committed High Church Anglican until his conversion to Roman Catholicism in 1955 after becoming acquainted with the Oxford Movement. He cited John Henry Cardinal Newman, Hilaire Belloc, and GK Chesterton as some influences on his decision. De Villiers has published a book about Catholicism in England called The Faith of Our Fathers: Traditional Catholicism and England (1958). Ideologically, De Villiers is a High Tory who stresses counter-revolution, monarchism, noblesse-oblige, and economic self-sufficiency. He is also a great champion of the classical core curriculum, which he argues is necessary to produce pupils who can think and communicate well. De Villiers is a One Nation Tory with very conservative social views.

Richard and his wife have six children: Elizabeth Regina White (b. 1953, m. 1975) who is a teacher and named in honor of the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II that same year, Fredericka Joan Bigsby (b. 1955, m. 1982) who is an Historian, Mary-Louise Grimm (b. 1958, m. 1979) who is a homemaker, Felicity Perpetua Gordon (b. 1961, m. 1986) who is a teacher, Richard Aloysius De Villiers II (b. 1965, m. 1992) who is a professor and philosopher, and Sister Margaret Joan De Villiers (b. 1970, took vows in 1990), who is a Dominican Sister. The couple live in Lincolnshire on a small farm and tend a very small herd of sheep and goats, have some chickens, and have a small vegetable garden. De Villiers is a bibliophile, boasting a collection of rare and antique books. He is also a committed huntsman, often spending his days off on the hunt for stag and foxes. When in London, Richard stays in a small flat near Westminster.
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R I C H A R D • D E • V I L L I E R S

Shadow SoS for Regions, Nations, & Devolution | Constitutional Affairs

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John James Yates is a British Conservative Party politician and the Member of Parliament for Ryedale, a post he has held since 1983.

Born in 1929 in Sydney, Australia, James was the only son of Harold yates, a wealthy newspaper proprietor and businessman. James’ mother, Emilia, was a British artist, and shortly after his birth the couple separated. James and his mother returned to the United Kingdom and the small town of Helmsley, in Yorkshire, where Harold, though he would never again see his son, paid for the vast majority of their outgoings.

James attended Marlborough College and grew to serve as a prefect and captain of the cricket team. He went to the United States to study History at Harvard University. He then returned to Britain and fulfilled his national service obligation, serving in the Royal Navy during the Korean War.

Following the conclusion of his national service, James joined the diplomatic service and was stationed for some time at the British Embassy in France, in which capacity he learned to speak fluent French.

In 1972, James returned to the Helmsley and left the civil service, intending to pursue a political career. He campaigned vigorously in favour of British entry into the European Economic Community, and became an active and prominent face within the local Conservative Party. He competed to be selected as the candidate for the Parliamentary constituency of Thirsk & Malton, but was beaten by John Spence, who went on to win the seat. Following Spence’s sudden death just three years later, James was selected to contest the seat, and in 1979 entered Parliament.

Initially, he worked as a Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Under-Secretary of State for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, and in 1982 was appointed to the role himself. In 1983 his constituency was abolished, and he became MP for the new constituency of Ryedale, as well as being appointed Minister for Overseas Development. In 1987, he was appointed Financial Secretary to the Treasury, before becoming Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Commons in 1989.

James served briefly as Secretary of State for the Environment following John Major’s ascension to the office of Prime Minister, spearheading work to replace the deeply unpopular poll tax. He resigned in 1991 when his daughter was diagnosed with cancer; she died six months later.

James married his French wife, Jeanne Loubet, in 1969. They had two children, Chloe and Edward, born in 1970 and 1973 respectively. Chloe died in 1991.

James is a member of the Church of England.
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Rt Hon. James Yates PC, MP
Member of Parliament for Ryedale

Shadow Secretary of State for Foreign & Commonwealth Affairs
Thanks given by: Richard De Villiers (CON)
MATHIESON (nee Lerman) Esther, was born 12 December 1930, the youngest of 4 children to Samuel Lerman (d.1943) and Eve Lerman (nee Samberg) (d.1985), in Rock Ferry, Merseyside UK.  Her father joined the British Army at the outbreak of war in 1939 and was killed during the Siege of Bastogne in December 1944.  This left Eve to raise their 4 children and manage, with the help of her eldest son, the family's newsagent's.

Esther attended Park High School for Girls, Birkenhead, until the age of 14 when she left to help at the family shop.  Despite this Eva was determined that Esther should, with the help of Eve's brother who was a teacher at the local grammar school, continue her education of an evening.  At 18 Esther gained a place at Teacher Training College in Chester and, at 21 started teaching at The Dell Primary School, New Ferry.  In 1953 she married her childhood sweetheart Simon Mathieson (b.1929 d.1970), the son of a fellow local shop owner.  In 1955, due to the birth of her first son Samuel, stopped working as a teacher and began helping at her husband's grocery store which he had inherited from his father.  They subsequently had 2 more sons Daniel (b.1957) and Aaron (b.1959).

Esther joined the Labour party in 1948 upon enrolling at teacher training college.  She became very active in the local party branch.  In due course, upon graduating from college, she continued her work for the Birkenhead branch.  From 1955, in between working in the family shop and being a mother, Esther continued her work for the Labour Party and also volunteered at the local Co-operative group.  She also helped establish a charity that helped feed the homeless.  She was also very active in CND

In 1964 she was chosen to stand for Labour in the Conservative stronghold of Wirral.  Although she was beaten by the standing MP and future Speaker of the Commons, Selwyn Lloyd, she helped to reduce his majority from 39,807 to 32,084.  She stood again in 1964 but whilst increasing the Labour vote from 17,445 to 21,624, she was again defeated by Lloyd.

Following the death of Simon of cancer in 1970, Esther turned down the request by the local party to stand in the general election of that year. Instead she concentrated on her family and maintaining the family shop.  She continued her voluntary work for the Labour Party and the Co-operative group. In 1979, Esther was persuaded by her family and the local party to stand for election in Birkenhead.  This time Esther won the seat with a majority of 5,909.

Esther hobbies include winemaking, watching football, swimming and baking.  She has 4 grandsons and 3 granddaughters.
ESTHER MATHIESON MP - Labour Party - Manifesto Group
Labour MP for Birkenhead (1979 - )
Thanks given by: Richard De Villiers (CON)
Michael Nash is a British Labour Party politician and the Member of Parliament for Brent South.

He was born at Watford General Hospital in Hertfordshire on 11th August 1934, the eldest son of Charles, a barrister and Queen's Counsel, and Alice (neé Atkins) Nash. The family lived in Chorleywood, Hertfordshire, an archetypical Metro-land town facilitating Charles's work commute into central London.

Nash was educated at Merchant Taylors' School, an independent private day school in Northwood, before reading Law at Worcester College, Oxford. At Oxford, Nash's political views developed, becoming supportive of Gaitskellism, and particularly the separation of  'means' from 'ends' discussed in Anthony Crosland's book The Future of Socialism.

His National Service was served in Cyprus during the Cyprus Emergency. After demob, he trained as a solicitor, working in west London and the surrounding home counties. He was selected as the Labour candidate for Feltham, west London, for the 1970 general election. Nash was duly elected, and held the successor seat of Feltham and Heston in the two 1974 elections and in 1979.

Nash served in a number of junior government roles in the Wilson and Callaghan Ministries. After the defeat of the Callaghan Government in a vote of no confidence, he campaigned for Denis Healey in the ensuing leadership election, although still served in eventual winner Michael Foot's Shadow Cabinet in the Social Services and Trade roles.

In the 1983 Tory landslide election, under Labour's "longest suicide note in history" manifesto, Nash lost his seat. This experience reinforced his belief in the need for centrist means to achieve socialist aims. In his time out of Parliament, Nash returned to private law practice.

In 1987, he contested the much safer Labour seat of Brent South, which had become vacant following the retirement of the previous Member, Laurie Pavitt. Nash won the seat, and held it in 1992. In Neil Kinnock's Shadow Cabinet, he has served as  Shadow Secretary of State for the Environment and, most recently, Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury.

Nash lives in Hertfordshire with his wife Barbara. His three children, Stephen, Ian and Helen, have since grown up and left the family home.
Michael Nash - Labour Party - Manifesto Group
MP for Brent South (1987 - present)
Chancellor of the Exchequer and Secretary of State for Employment and Welfare

Previously MP for Feltham / Feltham and Heston (1970 - 1983)
Thanks given by: Richard De Villiers (CON)
KEATING, James Andrew Pacelli is a British Labour Party politician and the Member of Parliament for Bootle, a position he has held since the February 1974 general election.

James was born on the 26th April, 1939 to Harold 'Harry' Keating (b. 1904, d. 1983) a greengrocer and Agnes Keating (nee MacBride) (b. 1909) a housewife. Given the middle names Andrew, in respect to his paternal grandfather Andrew Keating and Pacelli after the surname of the Pope at the time, Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli). His father would enlist in the Royal Navy shortly after Dunkirk and would serve throughout the Battle of the Atlantic, and was notably a survivor of the Battle of the Denmark Strait in 1941. The third of what would eventually number seven children, James was drafted to assist his father after the war in his corner shop in Walthamstow, then of Essex.

Educated at a local grammar school in Walthamstow, he would gain a scholarship to read at Jesus College, Oxford, where he intended to read English. Prior to this Keating would undertake his National Service in the Royal Navy. During this period he was deployed to the Mediterranean during the Suez Crisis, an event that would forever alter his beliefs in the realm of foreign policy, shifting it away from interventionism towards non-interventionism. Once James attended Oxford his politics would take a shift towards the Labour Party, away from the Conservatism of his youth and the allegiance towards the Conservative Party of his parents. Politically a Gaitskellite and later a Callaghanite, Keating's politics would not shift too much despite his shift in party allegiance in the early 1960s, which he has accounted for as a result of his opposition to apartheid in South Africa.

During his time at Oxford, Keating would gain notability for writing satirical articles in a university lampoon magazine. This would contribute to him landing a job as the 'diarist' and the 'foreign correspondent' for the newly created Private Eye magazine in 1961. In this section his playful and controversial nature would shine. Some of his pieces for the magazine included a review of eating a cheeseburger on a visit to the Republican National Convention in 1964 (he found the food agreeable), an account of being arrested and 'roughed up by the Chicago peelers' at the DNC in 1968, hiding in a car boot at a police check in Rhodesia, nearly getting beaten up by student protesters and police officers in Paris in 1968, trying in vain to challenge the Home Secretary, Roy Jenkins, to a sabre duel, nearly getting shot by IDF troops during the Six-Day War in 1967 and a review of the finest pork cuisine in Pakistan during the Bangladeshi War of Independence (alas, he could not find any such meals). He would write satirical columns for the New Statesman magazine from 1965 onwards.

In 1970 he was selected as the Labour Parry parliamentary candidate for Preston South. A notional Labour seat with a near 3,000 majority, Keating managed to lose it by 1,300 votes. Undeterred he put his name forward for the nomination for the safe Labour seat of Bootle for the (first) 1974 general election, which he surprisingly won after the incumbent conservative Catholic Labour MP Simon Mahon opted to retire after nearly two decades in the Commons. By this time Keating had met and married French author Nicole Lefebvre (b. 1947) in 1970. The two would have four children over the next fifteen years, Charlotte in 1971, Chloe in 1974, Jeanne in 1976 and Louise in 1985. After winning Bootle at the February 1974 general election, Keating would write a tongue in cheek letter to The Times bemoaning the timing of the election from Heath and scolding his wife for not campaigning for him (she had just given birth). He would later admit that 'she is probably the real reason I got selected in the first place'.

Keating would maintain his writing commitments in parliament, for instance in one notable column in Private Eye he asked readers to enter into a competition to provide parliamentary terms for him to use in the Commons chamber - he would eventually settle on guttersnipe, which he used to refer to Tory Norman St John-Stevas - an episode that lead to Keating being removed from the Commons chamber in 1976. In the Commons and within the PLP, Keating is hard to pint precisely, as he has overlap with various wings within the party. Generally described as being of the right, but not on the right, due to his mutually antipathy towards many figures of the Labour right who would eventually go off to form the Social Democratic Party (SDP) in 1981. In 1983, after the election of Neil Kinnock, who Keating would generally support in the leadership race that year, he was awarded the position of Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland - something which would force Keating to give up his writing career. This was a controversial decision considering Keating, a Catholic, was known for having strong opinions on the 'Ulster question'. An unabashed Unionist, he was seen with mistrust by both Unionists and Nationalists for both his religion as well as his beliefs. Soon after the 1987 general election he was shuffled to the position of Shadow Secretary of State for Health - a promotion, but a position he was hardly content in. This was seen when Keating gave a speech on the dangers of smoking, all the while he chain smoked before, during and after the speech. Nonetheless he was kept in place for the 1992 general election, to the surprise of many.

James is married to his wife Nicole, and has four daughters with her. From his first daughter he has a grandson, Nicholas (b. 1992). Keating is know for his love cigarettes and alcohol. A case of the latter being seen when the MP was allegedly inebriated when he tried to remove the mace from the chamber during a fiery debate in 1982. In the case of the former Keating was the author of a foreward to a pro-smoking pamphlet of the Tobacco Advisory Council of Britain where he wrote that "let us hope this book strikes a blow against the new control terrorists" - he was summarily pictured with a cigarette in hand on the next page. Besides these vices, Keating is know for his love of musical theatre, in particular Gilbert & Sullivan which he has been known to reference in the Commons chamber, for instance breaking into a rendition of 'Behold the Lord High Executioner' from 'The Mikado' during a debate on the death penalty.
James Keating | Labour
Member of Parliament for Bootle (1974-present)
Shadow Secretary of State for Health
Chairman of the All Party Parliamentary Group for Real Ale
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Daniel Edmund Burton is a British Labour Party politician and Member of Parliament for City of Durham in North East England.

Burton was born in November of 1937 to Edmund Christopher Burton a coal miner and trade leader and Mary Elizabeth Burton (nee Maberly) a housewife. Burton's father was conscripted into the British Army in 1940 where he served as an infantryman in East and North Africa until the conclusion of the war. Daniel Burton excelled at school, showing a particular aptitude for the humanities. Owing to his diminutive stature he didn't take to sport. Daniel had initially hoped to join the Catholic clergy but delayed his entry to seminary in order to fulfil his National Service. Burton ended up staying in the Army longer than the required commitment and served in both the Suez and Cyprus. Upon his return to Britain he enrolled at Durham University where he read Law and became a solicitor.

Burton's legal career was largely focussed on work with unions due to his father's influence as a senior official in the NUM. Burton became actively involved with the Labour Party, having previously been only involved at University and occasionally as his father's guest. In 1973 Burton was elected to Council for Durham City, and subsequently re-elected in 1976. The following year Burton sought election to the County Council and was elected. Following the 1981 County Council Election Burton became the Council Leader, a role in which he earned renown as an outspoken critic of the Thatcher government's cuts and attacks on the industries of the North. At one point he was referred to as the Leader of the Northern Rebellion in The Northern Echo. In 1987 Burton ran for election to Parliament as Labour's candidate for City of Durham. He was elected with a large majority and was recently re-elected. Burton has a reputation for being an outspoken MP, and for getting involved with a wide variety of issues. He has served on the Select Committees for Defence and the Home Office.

Daniel Burton is Married to Dawn Woods, a former clerk. They were married in 1968 and have two children, Christopher born in 1970 and Diana born in 1974. Burton is also a published essayist and a patron of arts in Northern England. He is also a regular in the stands supporting Sunderland AFC.
Rt. Hon. Daniel Burton
Member of Parliament for City of Durham
Secretary of State for Defense
Chief Government Whip
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MERCER, James Henry - James Henry Mercer was born on the 2nd of October, 1946 in Nottingham to the Rev. Henry Mercer, a vicar in the Church of England, and his wife Helen. His parents were heavily involved in social work on behalf of the church, particularly devoted to ministering to the poor. Being educated at grammar schools, the academically-talented Mercer studied Politics, Philosophy and Economics, determined to contribute to realising a more just social system from an early age. He joined the Labour Party while a student at Durham. Going on to obtain a PhD in Politics, Mercer went on to become a lecturer at Durham University.

Shortly after the Open University was founded, Dr Mercer took up a post as a tutor there in order to help the cause of adult education and social improvement for working people. He remained active in the Labour Party, running for several unelectable council wards and subsequently for an unwinnable seat in the 1979 election. In 1983, he was selected as the Labour candidate for Sedgefield, moving here with his wife and children.

An ally of the Kinnock/Hattersley tandem from their election in 1983, Mercer contributed to thinking on Labour's skills and adult education policies from his time as a backbencher onwards. This earned him, after re-election in 1987, a position as a junior minister in this area and membership of the People at Work Policy Review Group from the side of the Shadow Cabinet. In 1988, he made the Shadow Cabinet himself and was given the Education portfolio in a reshuffle.

Mercer is a member of the Tribune Group and of the Christian Socialist Movement.
The Right Honourable James Mercer MP | Labour
MP for Sedgefield (1983-present)
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (1992-present)
Shadow Secretary of State for Education (1988-1992)

"And getting our politics right means that in the attacks we make on Toryism, in the policies we put to the people, in the way we conduct ourselves as a Party inside and outside Parliament, we have to have a constant, unremitting, unswerving dedication to defeating the Tories. From time to time I have heard that view described as 'electoralism'. I plead guilty."
- Neil Kinnock to the PLP
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Agnes "Nancy" Hamstead (Nee King) was born on July 1, 1936 to Douglas and Margaret King, in Cockermouth. Her father worked as a lorry driver and her mother was primarily in the home, though later took part-time work as a store clerk once Agnes entered school. A bright child, Agnes excelled in school and was particularly keen on history and English courses. She was also well steeped in the world of politics, her father being involved in a union and in the Labour Party. She often attended local party meetings with him, and began campaigning for the party on her own.

Attending the University of Manchester, Agnes received a Bachelor of Arts, majoring in her two favourite subjects—history and English—graduating with honours. During her time in University, she met Robert Hamstead, two years her senior, who she married following her graduation. She worked as a teacher, working her way up to headmistress. The couple moved back to Agnes' hometown in the late 70s, and Agnes again continued to work with the local Labour Party. When a new candidate was needed for the Copeland constituency in 1987, Agnes was selected and won the seat in the election that followed. She served on the opposition backbenches while Labour served in opposition. In 1991, Robert died suddenly. The couple have one child, Robert Jr. who was born in 1962.

Re-elected in 1992 with Labour forming government, Agnes remains on the backbench. She is an ardent supporter of human rights, a pacifist, and supporter of global organizations. She actively campaigns for women's rights, and has been outspoken about the ongoing issue of AIDS impacting the gay community. 

She maintains a home in Cockermouth, has three dogs and regularly plays tennis and swims.
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WINTER, Edward "Ted" Daniel is a British Conservative Politician and the Member of Parliament for Ashford since 1979.

Born on April 20th, 1940 to barrister Richard Winter and his wife Isabel Winter (nee Suárez) in London, Winter is of mixed British-Spanish descent as his mother (born in a deeply religious and conservative family) moved to England with her close relatives in the early days of the Second Spanish Republic, a factor which has led friends to speculate whether Winter inherited many of his political views from that background. His father was conscripted soon after his birth, serving in North Africa and Italy for most of the war. Winter's interest in politics began to take off around the time of the 1959 General Election, a campaign which fascinated him and expanded the predilection for the Conservative Party he'd inherited from his parents. Still, the next few years would prove a bitter disappointment for Winter given the circumstances of the downfall of Harold Macmillan, and would refrain him from taking on a more active role for a few years.

Despite pressure from his father to become a barrister and follow on his footsteps, Winter resolved that his interest was in literature, and upon entering Oxford University persisted on pursuing a degree of Bachelor in Letter. During the 1960's and while his writing failed to yield the success he wanted to have - he worked as a journalist in the meantime -, Winter started his family life by marrying his wife Evelyn, the birth of his son Andrew and his daughter Mary coming within the next five years. It was around this time that Winter's work as a novelist began to yield some measure of success and recognition, and it was also the time for him to become re-enchanted with politics as after the 1970 General Election Winter finally started to take on a very active role within the Conservative Party. Managing to get himself selected candidate for a safe Labour seat to prove his worth, Winter fought and lost in both the February and October 1974 Elections, and eventually became a strong supporter of Margaret Thatcher.

Although the relative success of a novel (Wilderness of Mirrors, in 1977) giving him something of a chance at the productive career he initially wanted, Winter was by now convinced he wanted to devote himself to politics, and managed to be selected as the Conservative candidate for Ashford, a seat he held in 1979 with a slightly increased majority. In the aftermath of the 1983 General Election and after substantial work behind the scenes (and staunch support for the Prime Minister) Winter was appointed as Under-Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (1983-1985) and then as Under-Secretary of State for the Home Office (1985-1987), offices in which his staunch Unionism, belief in law-and-order and strong distate for the IRA became amplified. After the 1987 Election Winter was then promoted to Minister of State for Home Affairs under Douglas Hurd, developing a significant amount of respect for his superior despite disagreements over rehabilitation.

Promoted to the Cabinet after six years as a junior minister, Winter served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster from 1989-1990 (producing a series of White Papers on Foreign Policy and Europe) and following his support of John Major during the 1990 Conservative Leadership Election was promoted to Leader of the House of Commons and Lord President of the Council, role in which he served during the next eighteen months and until the 1992 General Election. Hawkish, Unionist and an Economic Dry, Winter views himself firmly on the Thatcherite camp despite his moderate views on Europe, and has also described himself as a "Loyalist" when it comes to the leadership (strongly supporting Thatcher and Major despite eventual disagreements). Despite not having published a novel since becoming a junior minister, Winter has found the time to work on a manuscript (a sequel to his 1977 novel) and to write a number of short stories based on his experiences in Northern Ireland and the Home Office - some of which may or may not include an unflattering appraisal of a few other politicians -, all material he doesn't expect to publish until his retirement from the frontlines or from politics altogether.

His other main hobby is a keen interest in movies, often finding that the best way for him to relax is to watch an old movie and lose himself in the plot and/or setting.
Rt. Hon. Edward Winter MP / Conservative and Unionist Party
Member of Parliament for Ashford (1979 - Present)

Shadow Foreign Secretary (1992 - Present)
Leader of the House of Commons (1990-1992)
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Flanagan, Joseph b. 11/06/1937 s. of Sean Flanagan and Saragh (née Reynolds ); m 1958, Katherine Fredericks

Joseph's father was a coal miner and mother a house wife. Joseph left school at 15 and worked as a farm labourer and gardener.

Flangan coming from a mining community was drawn to the Labour party and has been a member all his adult life. He joined the National Union of Agricultural Workers and would later become its General Secretary from 1978 to 1982 before its amalgamation into the transport and general workers union. Flanagan was then asked by the Labour party to stand for his local seat of Easington. Like most Labour MPs, Flanagan opposed the decision of National Union of Mineworkers president Arthur Scargill to call a national strike in 1984 to 1985, but he supported the miners in the Durham coalfield when his local Easington Colliery and others joined the strike.

Relected in 1987 Flanagan was made Shadow Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food joining the Shadow Cabinet. While a member of the Tribune group and Flanagan would considered to be on the left of centre of the party but not a full signed up member of SCG due to his idiosyncratic left-wing nationalism similar to that of Peter Shore or the True Third Way "terza via" of Enrico Berlinguer. Noted for his support of federalism, republicanism and secularism.

Smoking, drinking, swearing, gardening and train spotting.
Joseph "Uncle Joe" Flanagan
Member of Parliament for Easington 1983 - Present
Secretary of State for Natural Resources & Environment 1992 - Present

Shadow Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food 1987-1992
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PORTER, Philip Philander is a British Liberal and Liberal Democrats politician and Member of Parliament for Orkney and Shetlands since 1983

He was born on the morning of May 5th, 1941 and grew up in a solid middle class home in Glasgow. His father was a solicitor while his mother stayed at home raising Philip and his three younger brothers. Philip excelled in school and greatly enjoyed his time as Glasgow Academy and seemed destined to follow in his father’s footsteps down the legal pathway. However, once he went away to University his heart strings were pulled in a different direction.

Philip joined other Liberals at Edinburgh University and engaged in a series of project around town. He began to see the power of his education on setting him on a pathway to success and he became aware that those without the opportunities that he was afforded often were left behind. So after getting an MA in History Philip enrolled in the Moray House School of Education to become a teacher. There he met Beatrice Wells who was studying education as well. They fell in love on got married in 1966.

Both worked as teachers, welcomed two wonderful sons into their lives and were able to enjoy a quiet but prosperous life. However, Philip hungered for more. He had long been inspired by those who were able to make a larger difference. He knew that he was accomplishing a great deal in the classroom, but he dreamed higher.

In 1983 an opportunity presented itself. MP Jo Grimond announced that he would not be contesting the election for his long held seat in Orkney and Shetland. Philip was able to use his long years of service and his connection to many younger voters to win the nomination for the seat.

Highly unusual at the time Philip was able to hold the seat and would be reelected in 1987. He was a strong supporter of the SDP-Liberal Alliance and fell on the left side of the new Liberal Democrats party when he ran again and won in 1992.
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Sir Dylan Macmillan was born in Bromham, Bedfordshire, on the 11th of May 1947 to George and Louise Macmillan. Sir Dylan’s father was a barrister and his mother was a church clerk so Dylan had a very strict and conservative upbringing in the Church of England. Growing up Sir Dylan attended the local grammar school, an experience for which he is eternally grateful. In later life Sir Dylan always reflects that his grammar school education and his church upbringing are the two main things that made him into the man he is today attributing his refined intellect to the grammar system and his conservative principles to the church.

When Sir Dylan left school he went on to read law at Oxford University, he did this with the sole intention of following in his father’s footsteps and becoming a barrister. Whilst at university he made many friends and many enemies working and campaigning with the local Conservative Party association. As a young man Sir Dylan was often to be found working behind the bar at the local Conservative Club, it was here that he met and interacted with many figures in the Conservative Party including individuals such as Keith Joseph. Initially Sir Dylan was a proud Cornerstone-type Tory emphasising the importance of faith, flag, and family but as he spent more time discussing and debating at the club he gradually migrated to what would eventually become known as Thatcherism. Now in his political career Sir Dylan attributes his political ideology to the three times he was down the club when Mr Joseph was there giving speeches, although he is always very keen to emphasise that at his heart he is still very much a faith, flag, and family man no matter what he has built on top of that ideologically.

After finishing up his masters degree Sir Dylan returned home to Bedfordshire where he took up residence in the constituency he currently represents, Bedfordshire Mid. At this time his time was split between commuting regularly to London to work as a Barrister and working at his childhood church. Sir Dylan had a passion for working with young people and was regularly at the sharp end of great church gatherings of children and young people to spread the gospel message to them. He emphasised the role of charity in modern society and when not in court would often be found helping out across the length and breadth of his constituency and birthplace. It was at his childhood church that he met his future wife Naomi, eventually on June 23rd 1975 they were married. Together they have three children: Isaiah, Katherine, and Caroline.

In 1983, following the stepping down of his predecessor Stephen Hastings, Sir Dylan was elected to represent the constituency of Mid Bedfordshire. Sir Dylan regards his selection and subsequent elections to be a great personal honour and his greatest accomplishments to date outside of his family. Early in his career Sir Dylan was a committed loyalist to the Thatcher Government, forever extolling the virtues of the free market from the backbenches. During the Miners’ Strike he was fully behind the Government in clamping down on the excesses of the union movement and he fully supports the legislation passed in this area during this time period. Following the 1987 election and subsequent reshuffle the Prime Minister made Sir Dylan the Secretary of State for Energy, Sir Dylan relished this job and set about drawing up plans to make the United Kingdom fully energy independent, sadly these plans never came to fruition as Maggie was deposed in November 1990. Sir Dylan was outraged by the treatment of the woman whom he regarded as a political hero for conservatives everywhere and held nothing but contempt for those who did this to her. Sir Dylan informed Thatcher of his intention to stand down as Secretary of State and officially resigned the day after that she did, November 29th. Sir Dylan remained on the backbenches throughout the rest of the Parliament, contesting the 1992 General Election and retaining his seat.
The Rt Hon Sir Dylan Macmillan MP
MP for Bedfordshire Mid (1983-Present)

Leader of Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition (1992-Present)
Secretary of State for Energy 1987-1990

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Noah James Robinson was born in Hartlepool on the 23rd of February 1942 to James Robinson and Elizabeth "Betty" Robinson. His father worked as a tax collector (and thus exempt from conscription during the war) and his mother a housewife, meaning that while they weren't wealthy by any definition he had a reasonably comfortable upbringing. Noah's political beliefs were likely inspired by his parents' mild support for Labour, as they often told Noah that though they had struggled in their youth the first post war Labour government made their lives - and the lives of many others - significantly more pleasant by creating the NHS and the welfare state.

Noah, however, often took these convictions much further, joining the Labour Party in his mid teens and being an outspoken and passionate socialist. He went to West Hartlepool Grammar School and, after an Oxbridge rejection (though he often says he had no interest in such an elitist institution and he simply applied because his parents pushed him) studied History and English in the University of Bristol. While there, he made a name for himself in socialist societies and the University Labour society (where he was a staunch Bevanite and was often sharply critical of Gaitskell), often putting political activism and a variety of campaigns above his studies. Still, he graduated with a comfortable 2:1.

Finding himself much more effective when working as opposed to studying, Noah immediately pursued work after his degree and moved back home. He worked as a Community Assessor for his local council, work he was passionate about and which gave him a new sense of perspective: while his family had times of struggle, it was the first encounter with extremely vulnerable people. With that in mind, and inspired by Harold Wilson's first election victory, he was inspired to work within his local Labour Party and seek office as oppose to just participating in campaigns and protests.

He moved into working in the charity sector, whilst also getting elected as a Labour councillor for his local council. With the Labour Party controlling West Hartlepool Borough Council, Noah gained a reputation as an excellent administrator in office and campaigner during election. After multiple attempts, Noah managed to submit a few notable well received articles in Tribune surrounding the issues of international aid (Noah drew on his experience of working for Oxfam), poverty and inequality (again, he drew on by his research while working in the JRF) and on the EEC question (he was firmly opposed to the EEC). This led to an opportunity to work for a politician Noah was weary but respectful of - Barbara Castle - who was impressed by his work and brought him into the fold as a political adviser. Though he was extremely critical of In Place of Strife, Noah felt he was being offered a once in a lifetime opportunity, so moved to London once his tenure as councillor came to an end. 

Castle proved an immense influence on Noah's political outlook (he is still in contact with her to date) and his work with her, mostly on the issue of strengthening pensions and ensuring child benefit was paid to the mother, was his lasting proudest achievement. However it was short lived, as Harold Wilson resigned and Callaghan came into office, leading to Castle's prompt sacking. His work had impressed Castle's successor, David Ennals, who invited him to carry on. Disheartened, and critical of Callaghan's politics (especially on public spending), Noah refused and worked as a Senior Policy Advisor for Shelter, making a prominent name for himself within the organisation.

Robinson's shift towards the soft left began in 1981, both with his experience of working with Castle and with him being part of the Tribune faction that turned against Tony Benn following the 1981 Deputy Leadership bid. However, he was a fan of Michael Foot and was encouraged by Foot's victory. Feeling more at home within a newly left wing Labour Party, Robinson went for selection for the now open Hartlepool constituency - his home constituency. His knowledge of the area he grew up in, as well as his ability to build bridges across a variety of factions despite his staunchly left leaning views, led to Robinson's selection and election in 1983. Though thrilled to be in the frontline of politics, Noah was disillusioned not just by Labour's loss but the scale of it. Simply said, he was a staunch critic of Thatcher and was infuriated by the devastation she wreaked on his community and communities across the country.

Though quiet on Labour factional politics, on the basis of his soft left politics which he shared with Kinnock and his growing desire to see Labour in government after the poverty of the Thatcher years, Robinson grew to Kinnock's political arguments and became a firm supporter, making strong arguments for the policy review and for the Labour Party to become more in tune with the British political climate, though he was still at odds with some of the most enthusiastic modernisers. He managed to get a small role as Shadow Under Secretary of State for Employment, and after displaying loyalty and adeptness was promoted to Shadow Minister for Social Security following his re-election in 1987, where he also made a mark after being sharply critical of Thatcher's 'anti family' policies.

His reputation as not just a Kinnock, but a Labour Party loyalist who could be both kind and firm got him promotion to Shadow Chief Whip. He gained some profile in the wider media for his successful campaign to defeat the Thatcher government on the National Health Service and Community Care Bill. He was re-elected in 1992, with an increased majority. Robinson has been married to Yvonne Robinson (née Williams), who he had worked in Durham County Council, since 1975 and they have a son, born 1977. Notably, Robinson is extremely private and refuses to talk about his personal life, even to close Parliamentary colleagues.
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